A major disaster such as an earthquake is a reality in the world we live in. Even if you are not living in an earthquake-prone area, it is always a good idea to be prepared. This calls for setting up of a survival kit with the most important items to see you and your family through the disaster. The items should be ideally packed into a good sized backpack or duffel bag. Since you might have to lug it for quite some distance, it should not be too heavy. Remember that an earthquake is a random occurrence that might find you far from home. For this reason, your survival kit should always be easily accessible. The kits should be able to cover your family's survival needs. These are the items you will need.
Water systems are disrupted when there is a major earthquake yet this is one of the most important commodities for human and animal survival. Dirty water can be made fit for drinking if boiled and filtered. For this reason, your survival kit should have a small quantity of fresh, clean water and also the means to make any other water drinkable. To achieve this, it is recommended that you buy a portable water filter to remove impurities.
A stout and hardy stove, pot and cooking fuel should also be included in your kit. A roll of aluminum foil will also come in handy to keep food hot. It can also be molded to form temporary cooking vessels or for baking. With disasters comes a shortage of food. Dried foods can keep for long. GORP (as Good Ol' Raisins and Peanuts) is a survival food that can provide the energy and nutrients needed especially if the earthquake catches you when are far from any human settlement.
This is another essential item. You need to keep the elements at bay especially if your house has been destroyed or you are camping in the open. Heavy waterproof clothing will protect you from cold and rain. Heavy gloves, a hat, and a warm poncho will ensure your chest; hands and head are safe from the effects of hypothermia.
Today's human being has grown to rely a lot on technology. This is especially true in the field of communication. A huge earthquake will likely bring down power lines and communication masts. This means that you are likely to find yourself incommunicado if your phone battery dies. You should, therefore, pack an emergency power source such as a small solar panel and an AA battery charger or USB device. These can either be charged from a solar panel, or you can acquire a car jump starter box. Of course, the battery charger will need to go hand in hand with rechargeable AA batteries. These will be used to power your flashlight for as long as you need. Another essential item is a ham radio. Some sturdy ones can be used in all types of weather. A ham radio can operate without the internet and will keep you informed of the nature and magnitude of a disaster. It could also be used to summon help. The electronics are therefore part of the items to prioritize in your kit.
Keeping clean keeps diseases at bay. It also makes life a lot more comfortable. For this reason, your kit should contain liquid soap and wipes. This is crucial if you have a baby to take care of after an earthquake strikes. Toilet paper is another important item that should be included as well as garbage bags for proper disposal of refuse. Other hygiene products will include sunscreen lotion and petroleum jelly. Glasses for those who need them need to be packed. After all, you don't want to be half blind in an emergency. A basic First Aid box to treat minor wounds is useful and can be a lifesaver. Ensure that your First Aid kit has bandages antiseptic and painkillers. If you suffer from an ailment that requires regular medication, remember to pack enough drugs. Clotrimazole is a broadly based drug that can cure fungal infections in case of exposure to damp.
Important documents should be carried along in your kit. These would include copies of your Identity documents. Operation manual for your ham radio and maps of your town with important information such as hospitals need to be kept where they can be got easily. Other important documents are any medical records.
Other basic survival items that will help you face the aftermath of an earthquake includes a good quality knife, a whistle, and knowledge on how to start a fire. So, do not be caught flatfooted. Start building your earthquake survival kit now.